How Do Volcanoes Erupt?

To understand how a volcano erupts, we’ll first need to take a look at the structure of the Earth. Earth has different layers which include the inner and outer core, the mantle and the crust. We’ll focus on the mantle and crust as this is where all the volcanic action takes place. The crust is…

Where do diamonds come from?

Everyone knows what a diamond looks like: a clear, polished stone with smooth facets, full of flash and sparkle. But not everyone knows that diamonds don’t start out that way—it takes a series of special circumstances (and a couple billion years!) to turn a diamond in the rough into that brilliant gem glittering on your…

Tunnels in the Snow

Ever wish you had your own secret network of hidden passages? Well some animals do and they might be closer than you think! Whether it’s making snow angels or building a snowman, most of us love playing in a winter wonderland – and it turns out some birds do too. It usually starts with one bird that burrows in…

How did the planets get named?

For as long as there have been lights in the night sky, humans have been coming up with names for them. Sumerian astronomers named the sun, moon and five visible planets (Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn) after their great gods. In ancient China, the planetary nomenclature was based on things in nature — water, fire, wood. The English…

The Devils’ Kettle

A waterfall that seems to just disappear into the ground sounds pretty unbelievable; half of this waterfall disappears into a hole never to be seen again. But scientists are still bewildered by the mysteries of Devil’s Kettle Falls. Called the “Devil’s Kettle,” this natural, rocky void has no obvious explanation on or below the surface.…

How do Massive Sinkholes form?

Every once in a while, you’ll see a news story about a sinkhole that suddenly opens up and causes quite a stir. Although it may seem like these are rare oddities, sinkholes are actually quite common all over the world. Sinkholes go by many names around the world, including sinks, shake holes, swallow holes, swallets, dolines, and cenotes. Although they may be…

The Hottest Place on Earth

The Earth has a lot of warm places: forest fires, lava flows, iron foundries, the inside of your toaster oven, nuclear reactors, and so forth. But, if we’re just talking about regular, old, sun-heats-the-Earth climate and weather, where on the Earth’s surface is hottest? The winner for the hottest square kilometre on Earth? Not Furnace Creek…

Birth of Himalayan Range!

Himalaya is a mountain range in the Indian subcontinent & its home to 9 of 10 highest peaks on Earth which are more higher than 8000 metres. The Himalayan mountain range and Tibetan plateau have formed as a result of the collision between the Indian Plate and Eurasian Plate which began 50 million years ago and continues today. 225…